On September 26 the Listuguj Mi’gmaq First Nation (“Listuguj”) began its fall lobster fishery. The fishery is an exercise of the community’s rights under the Peace and Friendship Treaties. This year, for the first time, the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (“DFO”) has agreed to an enforcement protocol that acknowledges the role of the Listuguj’s Mi’gmaq Rangers in governing the fishery. Significantly, the Mi’gmaq Rangers are a community enforcement agency that derives its authority entirely from Indigenous law, not the Fisheries Act.
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