Effective wastewater management is required to minimize impacts of sewage on fish, shellfish, wildlife, water quality and human health. Treating wastewater before it is discharged to the environment reduces the risks posed to human and environmental health.
- The Government of Canada's First Nations Water and Wastewater Action Plan is led by Indian & Northern Affairs (INAC) and Health Canada.
- In 2009, the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment finalized the Canada-wide Strategy for the Management of Municipal Wastewater Effluent. The Canada-wide Strategy represents the collective agreement reached by the Canada's 14 federal, provincial and territorial ministers of the environment to ensure that wastewater facility owners and operators will have regulatory clarity in managing wastewater effluent under a harmonized framework that is protective of human health and the environment.
- Environment Canada's Wastewater portal provides information about the proposed Wastewater Systems Effluent Regulations, as well as previous consultations on the Canada-wide Strategy for the Management of Municipal Wastewater Effluent and the department's Proposed Regulatory Framework for Wastewater.
- In 2008, the Atlantic Policy Congress of First Nations Chiefs prepared a regional impact analysis on the Canada-wide Strategy for the Management of Municipal Wastewater Effluent and Environment Canada's Proposed Regulatory Framework for Wastewater.
- In 2003, INAC produced a National Assessment of Water and Wastewater Systems in First Nations Communities. An updated National Assessment is expected to be released in 2011.
For more information, please see our Water resources.